An Islamic Perspective on Inequality in Pakistan, by Geoffrey A. Jehle (Oct. 1991)
This paper examines the distribution of income in Pakistan, and in each of its four provinces, from an explicit and formal Islamic perspective. A cardinally significant Atkinson-Kolm-Sen relative index of inequality reflecting that perspective is proposed and computed from the full HIES data series for the years 1984-85, 1985-86, 1986-87, and 1987-88. There is evidence of a significant decline in overall inequality in Pakistan from 1984-85 to 1987-88, but the level of inequality remains very high. Inter-province and inter-urban/rural differences in inequality profiles within Pakistan and each of its provinces are found to be generally less significant than intra-province and intra-urban/rural differences.
Published: Pakistan Development Review, 1992